A healthy mouth is vital to a healthy body. Your gums play a huge role in your overall health, yet most people just think of their teeth when it comes to visiting the dentist. At Dr. Brian Valle, PA’s practice in Millersville, Maryland, we offer a range of periodontal therapy designed to keep your gums healthy too. 

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease affects the gums and is incredibly common. Most often, it starts as a case of mild Gingivitis. At this stage, Gingivitis is very treatable by making simple changes to your oral health routine and diet. 

However, often people don’t realize there’s a problem and the disease progresses to a more severe form called periodontitis. At this stage, it is vital that you get treatment in order to protect your teeth. As the disease progresses, your gums can recede and move away from the teeth which can lead to bacteria weakening the bone which holds the teeth in place. Eventually, the teeth will fall out completely. 

Gum disease is an incredibly common problem, and very treatable when diagnosed early, The repercussions of untreated periodontal disease are huge. If the bacteria in your mouth get into your bloodstream, it can increase your risk of having a heart attack or a stroke. 

What causes it?

There are a number of factors that contribute to periodontal disease. These include a poor diet, smoking, and poor oral hygiene. Whereas these factors are controllable, there are also a number of other causes that you might not be able to change including pregnancy, hormones, medications, and illness. 

Periodontal therapy

This is a term for the range of treatment that may be used to treat periodontal disease. They aim to restore the gum and prevent tooth loss. The most common non-invasive procedures used in periodontal therapy include: 

  • Scaling – which removes tartar from beneath your gums
  • Root planning – to discourage the build-up of plaque, the surface of the roots is smoothed. 
  • Medication – antibiotics can sometimes be used in bacterial infections. These may be taken orally or applied to the mouth in the form of a rinse or gel. 

If the periodontal disease is advanced, then more invasive options may need to be explored. 

  • Gum pocket reduction surgery
  • Soft tissue grafting
  • Bone grafting
  • Tissue regeneration
  • Tissue stimulation

Your dentist will assess the level of treatment needed to treat your periodontal disease. 

How to prevent it from developing?

The best way to keep your teeth and gums healthy is to have a consistent oral hygiene routine. This includes brushing twice per day, flossing, and visiting your dentist regularly (at least every 6 months). 

Reduce your use of tobacco and alcohol and follow a healthy diet low in sugar and acid. 

Perfect your smile with us

Visit Dr. Brian Valle, PA for all your general dentistry and periodontal therapy needs. We serve families from across Millersville, Maryland. 


Book an appointment with one of our dentists today and we can get to work giving you the smile you deserve.